There is little to no correlation between PPS and other independent variables in the full vote model – including ideology and SSMP. This indicates that PPS is not related or connected to these other variables.


Populism Propensity Score
Ideology 0.212
Resentment of Muslims 0.259
Trust in Government 0.076
Immigrants are a Threat to Public Safety 0.286
Leave the European Union 0.223
Unemployed 0.019
Standard Survey Measures of Populism 0.135