The correlation between PPS and other variables in the full vote model range from low to unconnected. A low positive correlation exists between PPS and the attitude that immigrants are a threat to public safety. There is little to no correlation between PPS and the other variables in the model – including ideology. This indicates that PPS is not related or connected to these other variables.


Populism Propensity Score
Ideology 0.233
Gender 0.1582
Trust in German Government 0.0456
Immigrants a Threat to Safety 0.3202
EU Integration Gone Too Far 0.2756