Overall economic dissatisfaction (see full support model) was an important predictor of support for Le Pen. In other words, the more dissatisfied a French citizen was with their overall economic situation, the more likely they were to vote for Le Pen. Those scoring high on PPS and SSMP are also more likely to be dissatisfied with their economic lot in life.


The higher a French citizen’s PPS or SSMP score, the more likely they are to say they are “not at all” or just “slightly” satisfied with their overall economic situation (red line). 

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