Austria


Support for fundamental elements of democracy and democratic institutions is lower among Austrian citizens with higher Populism Propensity Scores. By contrast, those with higher scores on Standard Survey Measures of Populism (SSMP) are more likely to support democracy and democratic institutions on most but not all measures tested (see below).

The contrast between PPS and SSMP measurements of attitudes toward democracy among citizens is one of the most important behavioral differences observed in these surveys. In all four countries, citizens with a higher PPS are less likely to support fundamental tenets of democracy. Conversely, in France, Germany, and Austria those who scored higher on SSMP are more likely to be supportive of democracy and democratic institutions.

There is one important caveat to this finding: While the difference in support for democracy by PPS and SSMP measurements is unmistakable throughout the data in France, Austria, Germany, and the Netherlands, the overall support for democracy and democratic institutions no matter where a citizen falls on either scale is still – at this time – quite strong.

 

The higher an Austrian citizen’s PPS the less likely they are to say that it is important to live in a country that is governed democratically. Support for democratic governance does not vary statistically across the standard survey measures of populism scale.

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The higher an Austrian citizen’s PPS the less likely they are to say that a free press is important. By contrast, those with higher scores on SSMP are more likely to prefer living in a country with a free press.

 

The higher an Austrian citizen’s PPS the less likely they are to say it is important to live in a country with a free judicial system. By contrast, those with higher scores on SSMP are more likely to prefer a free judicial system.

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Austrians with a higher PPS are more likely to say that “having the army rule the country” is a good way to govern Austria.  Support for army rule does not vary statistically across the standard survey measures of populism scale